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Materials for Electronic Products

Factory production



Historical view of manufacturing


Is this manufacturing?Is this manufacturing?Is this manufacturing?Is this manufacturing?Is this manufacturing?Is this manufacturing?


"We supposed that an information society would replace industrial society, whereas the information society has in fact been added to the industrial one and increased its intensity."

Source: Thackara, J. (2005). In the bubble: designing in a complex world. Cambridge: The MIT Press.




Production view of manufacturing


Production view of manufacturing




Where does the profit earned by the seller fit into the above equation?




Modern factories in the electronics industry







Key events for electronics manufacturing



Key events for electronics manufacturing




The principle of division of labor has widespread impact


Division of labor in bottling factoryDivision of labor in computer assembly plantDivision of labor in call center




The principle of interchangeable parts


Interchangeable parts for a gun

Interchangeable parts for a computer




The concept of an assembly line


Ford assembly lineDell assembly lineBoeing assembly line




What is the difference between electrical and electronic engineering?




Modern electronic products are categorized by feature size


Electronics technology

Microsystems technology

Nanofabrication technology




Craftsman view of production



Craftsman production method




Factory view of production



Factory production method




What is the difference between the craftsman and the factory production methods? Consider the following issues:




Factories depend on access to:





Factories depend on natural resources





Factories depend on human resources





The formation of companies limited by shares is closely related to the use of financial capital





The structure for production of goods has evolved





What is the difference between craftsman and guild structures with regards to:




Methods of creating (incorporating) companies limited by shares

  1. Original method in England was by Royal charter
  2. Royal charter was expanded with private act of Parliament
  3. The Joint Stock Companies Act 1844 by Parliament further expanded access with a standard process
  4. The Limited Liability Act 1855 defined the concept of limited liability
  5. The Joint Stock Companies Act 1856 improved the registration process
  6. In the UK today, companies must be registered with Companies House and comply with the Companies Act 2006




A company limited by shares is a separate legal entity





The concept of limited liability was one of the attractions of using companies limited by shares





What is the difference between a one person company versus an employee of a company with regards to:




The concept of company stock has evolved with time and industry





Company stock is one of many early forms of traded financial instruments





There have been different markets for trading company stock





Aspects of factories and companies that have been contested for control





What are examples of methods used to control companies by:




Management of companies have developed gradually and continues to evolve

  1. Owner/entrepreneur
  2. Internal contracting
  3. Craft control
  4. Separation of labor and managers (Taylorism)
  5. Flexible semi-skilled labor (Fordism and the assembly line)
  6. Supply chain management